What is amoxicillin?
Amoxicillin is an antibiotic that belongs to the penicillin group. The active ingredient amoxicillin is used to treat bacterial infections such as Staphylococcus aerusa bacterial infection that causes skin infections, poisoning, and others.
The function of amoxicillin is that of an antibiotic that fights infections that arise such as bacterial infections, gonorrhea infections and infections H. pylori. The benefits of amoxicillin for use in treating multiple diseases are below:
- lung infection
- ear infection
- lung infection
- skin infection
- urinary tract infection
- throat infection
Warning against the use of amoxicillin
Before using amoxicillin, there are a number of things that are important to know, both in terms of side effects, rules for using amoxicillin, and warnings before using amoxicillin.
Before using amoxicillin, please note that there is a risk of overgrowth of commensal bacteria or fungi with prolonged use. In addition, the use of amoxicillin without indication can lead to changes in the normal flora of the colon and cause infection Clostridium difficile which causes diarrhea.
A 2015 meta-analysis study found that in addition to diarrhea, which is common with amoxicillin use, candidiasis infection can also occur. Amoxicillin use also carries a risk of increasing symptoms associated with liver failure.
There are also warnings against using amoxicillin for pregnant and lactating women, namely:
- The use of amoxicillin by pregnant women is only if the benefits of amoxicillin outweigh the risks.
- Amoxicillin can pass into breast milk and cause sensitization in the baby.
- Amoxicillin in chewable tablet form may contain phenylalanine, which has side effects in people with phenylketonuria.
Rules for using amoxicillin
The rules for administering amoxicillin are based on the conditions experienced, therefore the dose of amoxicillin administered also varies. The following explains the use of amoxicillin:
- Be sure to follow your doctor’s advice and instructions while you are being treated with amoxicillin. Follow the directions on the drug packaging and do not add or reduce doses without first consulting.
- The drug amoxicillin, taken in tablets, syrup, or capsules, can be taken before or after meals, but taking it with food can increase drug absorption and decrease gastrointestinal side effects.
- If you are taking amoxicillin in syrup, shake it first and measure the dose of amoxicillin with the measuring spoon that is already in the medicine pack.
- Consult your doctor first to stop using amoxicillin. If use is not as recommended by the doctor, the bacteria causing the infection may be resistant to treatment.
- If you forget to take the medicine right away, don’t forget to take the medicine. However, if the time is close to the schedule for the next condition, wait for the next schedule and do not double the next amoxicillin dose.
- Be sure to store amoxicillin in a place protected from sunlight and keep the drug out of the reach of children.
The dose of amoxicillin is adjusted based on the patient’s age, weight, and condition. The required dosage is explained below.
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For drinking amoxicillin, it can be in the form of tablets, syrup or capsules. The use of amoxicillin for drinking varies and with different dosages.
- Rules for using amoxicillin to treat sinus infections, otitis media, mouth or throat abscesses, severe urinary tract infections, kidney or skin infections:
- Amoxicillin dosage for adults and children weighing > 40 kg: 250-500 mg every 8 hours or 500-1000 mg every 12 hours. If you have a severe infection, you can take 750-1000 mg taken every 8 hours.
- Dosage of amoxicillin for children < 3 months old weighing < 40 kg: Use 20-90 mg/kg body weight per day divided into divided doses.
- Rules for using amoxicillin to treat tooth abscess:
- Adults: Use amoxicillin 3000 mg twice a day with 8 hours between doses.
- Rules for using amoxicillin to treat pharyngitis or tonsils caused by infection streptococci:
- Adults: 500 mg every 8 hours or 750-1000 mg every 12 hours. If the infection is severe, the dose of amoxicillin administered may be 750 to 1000 mg every 8 hours for 10 days.
- Children < 40 kg: 40-90 mg/kg per day in divided doses.
- Rules for using amoxicillin to treat stomach ulcers caused by bacteria H. pylori:
- Adults: 750-1000 mg for use twice a day for 7-14 days and can be combined with other antibiotics.
- Rules for using amoxicillin to treat typhoid and paratyphoid fever:
- Adults: 500-2000 mg amoxicillin per dose every 8 hours.
- Children < 40 kg: 100 mg/kg per day and divided into 3 doses.
- Rules for using amoxicillin to treat pneumonia:
- Adults: 500-1000 mg every 8 hours
- Children aged > 3 months bw < 40 kg: 20-90 mg/kg bw per day in divided doses.
- Rules for using amoxicillin to treat gonorrhea sensitive to amoxicillin:
- Adults: 3000 mg single dose in combination with probenecid.
Also read: The correct use of paracetamol is? Here know!
The use of injectable amoxicillin is only for severe infections, e.g. B. in meningitis or endocarditis, but it can also be used if the patient cannot take the drug when drinking amoxicillin. Administration of injectable amoxicillin is only permitted by a doctor or medical examiner under medical supervision.
Side Effects of Amoxicillin
As a drug, amoxicillin can cause side effects when used, but the side effects that occur depend on each individual. Some of the side effects of amoxicillin that may occur are:
In addition to the common side effects of amoxicillin, more serious side effects can also occur. In this case, consult a doctor immediately. Some of these side effects are:
- Easy bruising or bleeding for no apparent reason.
- Persistent diarrhea, bloody stools or severe stomach cramps.
- have a fever or sore throat that is not getting better.
- yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes.
- Change in urine color to darker.
- Muscle and joint pain that occurs a few days after taking the drug.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- have difficulty breathing
- There is swelling on the face.
- Symptoms of impaired liver function, such as stomach cramps, yellowish eyes and skin, and dark colored urine.
So now you know how to use amoxicillin, right? Be careful not to use amoxicillin as an antibiotic unless there is an indication or recommended by a doctor. To use amoxicillin safely, be sure to follow the directions on the package and consult a doctor.
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