What is a coma?
When they hear the words comma and critical, many think there is a difference between comma and critical. Coma is a medical term used to describe a person’s critical condition.
You may be wondering what a comma is. Not an illness, but a coma is a state of total unconsciousness due to a head injury and impaired brain function. coma person NO will perceive everything around him.
The main symptom of a comatose person is loss of consciousness. Even when they are unresponsive or in pain, some comatose patients can still hear voices kok. In fact, able to move limbs even reflexively. Usually, the degree of self-awareness and the duration depend on the brain capacity of the individual coma patient.
In addition, the following symptoms follow in comatose people.
- Closed eyes
- The pupils of the eye do not respond to light
- Irregular breathing
- Can’t make a sound
- There is no movement of the limbs
- No response to pain stimuli
Also read: Difficulty breathing, could it be asthma?
After seeing the symptoms of coma in a person, the doctor performs a number of procedures to diagnose coma. This diagnosis also helps to find out the cause of the coma and the type of treatment to be carried out. Check out the following.
The physical examination also relies on information and information from the family or next of kin of the comatose patient.
Laboratory tests check sugar levels, blood levels, electrolyte levels, and drug use.
brain scan, covers CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), And Electroencephalography (EEG).
causes of coma
You need to know that part of our brain works to regulate consciousness. nope, If the damage is temporary or permanent, brain function is also disrupted. The following conditions can be a cause of coma, what are they?
Serious and traumatic head injury
There was a hit or hard impact that caused a serious head injury. For example, such as acts of persecution or traffic accidents.
stroke attacks the blood vessels in the brain that are clogged or leaking. As a result, the blood supply to the brain decreases, even fails.
The appearance of abnormal cells in the brain that impede the work of the brain. One of the effects is that one feels easily tired and dizzy, so there is a greater chance of passing out.
Diabetes, kidney failure, liver failure
metabolic diseases such as diabetes, kidney failureand liver failure caused by blood sugar levels that are not within normal limits. The blood sugar level is very high or, conversely, very low. Especially in conditions that can suddenly cause a coma.
bleeding is the condition of a person who loses a lot of blood. High blood pressure, bleeding disorders, and brain aneurysms can cause bleeding.
swelling of brain tissue
When the brain tissue fails, it causes the brain to enlarge. In addition, due to an increase in the accumulation of fluid in the brain.
The sodium level in the blood is out of balance
In sufficient amounts, salt plays a role in maintaining nerve function, which does blood pressure remain stable. Conversely, if too little or too much, the arteries that drain blood to the brain will be damaged.
Severe central nervous system infections, such as meningitis, can cause coma.
Seizures occur when there is an uncontrolled burst of nerve cell activity that causes muscles to repeatedly contract and relax, causing physical changes. This can cause brain function to become paralyzed, even blood vessels to burst, causing a person to become unconscious.
Also read: These are tips to keep your medical bills from escalating!
The brain also needs oxygen. You know! One of the things that happens when there isn’t enough oxygen being taken in by the brain is a heart attack. When a person is having a heart attack, the possibility of unconsciousness is also greater.
For example, carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide poisoning that is not removed eventually accumulates to the point of poisoning the body. If these toxic substances continue to be allowed, they disrupt the functioning of other body organs and cause a coma.
Bad habit of consuming alcohol
Drink alcohol in amounts the liver cannot process can increase blood alcohol levels. In addition to the impaired liver function, other serious health problems occur. For example brain damage, heart attacks and cancer.
Along with alcohol, using drugs outside of prescribed and prescribed doses actually slowly damages nerves in the brain.
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